U.S. District Court Judge Carlton W. Reeves blocked House Bill 1523 from going into effect following the state legislature’s passage during the 2016 Legislative Session. Under the bill, businesses would have been allowed to deny services based on sincerely held religious beliefs without facing reciprocity from the state. Individuals would still be able to bring suit against such businesses but the state would remain neutral.
Judge Reeves’ injunction asserts that the law violates the U.S. Constitution in two places:
- The First Amendment by “establish[ing] an official preference for certain religious beliefs over others,” and
- The Fourteenth Amendment by explicitly favoring “anti-LGBTG religious beliefs” and providing adherents to those beliefs a special right to discriminate that is not available to others.
Mississippi’s Attorney General Jim Hood believes the federal court ruling was clear and does not expect to appeal. No other officials’ comments were available.
This is not the first time Judge Reeves has ruled on religious freedom issues. In July 2015, he issued a court order to prevent Rankin County School District (RCSD) from including any religious activities at school sponsored events. After receiving a $7,500 fine after failing to satisfactorily comply with the court order, the RCSD prevented the Brandon High School Band from playing “How Great Thou Art” during a halftime show fearing that such an act would violate the court order and subject the district to additional fines.
Although born in Texas, Reeves grew up in Yazoo City and was appointed to the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi by President Obama in 2010.
- Judge Carlton Reeves’ CSE vs. Barber Order
- Judge blocks controversial Mississippi law
- Judge Hands Sweeping, Stinging Defeat to Mississippi’s Anti-LGBTQ Law from Taking Effect
- Mississippi AG: Churchgoing public was duped on HB 1523
- MS News Now: “Brandon High School Band pulled from halftime performance”